The Top 10 Biggest Companies in Russia

The Top 10 Biggest Companies in Russia

The Top 10 Biggest Companies in Russia

From 1922–1991, the Soviet Union (USSR) was not only the world’s largest country, but also one of its most populated, influential, and powerful.

Today, modern Russia still holds all of those distinctions. Though no longer a designated superpower, the Russian Federation has recovered from the fall of the Soviet Union and has become the world’s 11th-largest economy.

Even after being expelled from the G7 over its annexation of Crimea, Russia’s membership as one of the principal emerging economies in BRICS (alongside Brazil, India, China, and South Africa), the G20, and the United Nations Security Council solidifies its important position in the modern world.

What industries and companies drive the modern Russian state? Here we put the spotlight on the top 10 biggest companies in Russia, using data from Companies Market Cap.

What Are the Biggest Public Companies in Russia?

As a resource-rich country and previously a socialist state, it’s no surprise that many of Russia’s biggest companies are current or former state-owned corporations.

Eight out of the biggest companies in Russia by market value are in natural resources, and four are current state-owned enterprises.

Here are Russia’s biggest public companies by market capitalization in November 2021:

Top 10 Russian Companies Category Market Cap (USD)
Gazprom Oil and Gas $118B
Sberbank Financial $112B
Rosneft Oil and Gas $85B
Novatek Oil and Gas $78B
Lukoil Oil and Gas $66B
Nornickel Metals & Mining $47B
Gazprom Neft Oil and Gas $34B
Yandex Information Technology $29B
Polyus Metals & Mining $27B
Surgutneftegas Oil and Gas $21B

The two biggest companies in Russia, gas producer Gazprom (formerly the Soviet Ministry of Gas Industry) and banking and financial provider Sberbank, have consistently been the largest enterprises in the country.

In November, Gazprom was bigger with a market cap of $118 billion compared to Sberbank’s $112 billion, though they constantly switch places over time.

But other than Sberbank and tech provider Yandex, the top 10 was composed entirely of oil, gas and mining companies.

Russia’s Importance to Global Natural Resources

Oil and gas specifically made up six out of the 10 biggest companies in Russia. Most like Rosneft, Gazprom Neft, and Lukoil are in oil—the Russian word “neft” means oil or petroleum in Russian and many other languages).

In addition to the two mining companies that cracked the top 10, the biggest companies in Russia highlight the country’s relative importance to global resource sectors. Many of the top 10 companies in Russia are the largest (or amongst the largest) producers of natural resources in the world:

  • Gazprom: The largest natural gas company in the world by output, producing 12% of global natural gas output in 2018.
  • Rosneft: The world’s largest public oil producer.
  • Nornickel: The world’s largest producer of nickel (14% of global output), palladium, and third-largest of platinum.
  • Polyus: The world’s third-largest gold producer by output.
  • Sberbank: The largest bank in Eastern Europe (and 61st in the world).

Overall, Russia’s vast landscape is estimated to contain over 30% of all natural resources in the world. Factor in a powerful financial sector and the world’s sixth-largest labor force at 70 million strong, and it’s clear to see why the country’s influence is so widespread.

As global powers begin to pledge greater commitment to clean energy, however, Russian companies also find themselves navigating transitional demand and pledging support for green projects.

What other companies or industries do you associate with Russia?

The post The Top 10 Biggest Companies in Russia appeared first on Visual Capitalist.

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